সুমন লেনার্ড রোজারিও
সিনিয়র শিক্ষক (ইংরেজি)
সেন্ট গ্রেগরী হাইস্কুল অ্যান্ড কলেজ, ঢাকা
PART B: UNSEEN PART: (25 Marks)
Read the following text and answer the questions 4 and 5:
Ekushey February is a red letter day in our national life. It inspired us to achieve legal right. On 14 August, 1947 Pakistan became independent. The rulers of West Pakistan started to exploit East Pakistan from the very beginning. When TamaddunMajlish demanded the recognition of Bengali as a state language, the demand for the Bengali language turned into a movement. When a proposal of Bengali language by DhirendraNath Dutta was rejected, on 28 February, 1948 a student strike was observed. On the 2nd March 1948 SarbaDaliyaSangramParishad was formed. In a general strike the police beat the students with sticks in a procession and arrested several student leaders on 11 March. After that Governor General Mohammad Ali Jinnah proclaimed that Urdu and only Urdu shall be the state language of Pakistan in a public meeting on 21 March. He uttered the same in the convocation ceremony of Dhaka University at Curzon Hall on 24 March. The next three years 11 March was observed as the State Language Day everywhere in East Pakistan. On 9 March, 1949 East Pakistan Government formed, 'East Bengal Language Committee' headed by MaulanaAkram Khan. In 1949Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan came to Dhaka. He made no comment when the students union demanded Bengali as a state language. In 1950 Liaquat Ali Khan proclaimed in the General Assembly that Urdu shall be the state language. On 26 January 1952 Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin proclaimed that Urdu shall be the state language of Pakistan. This made the people of East Pakistan grieved much. On 30 January a students' strike was observed. SarbaDaliyaSangram Committee decided to observe students' strike on 4 February and general strike on 21 February as 'State Language Day'. On 20 February Nurul Amin Government enforced 144, a clause, and banned processions and meetings on 21 February. The students of Dhaka University violated the government order and advance to the Provincial Assembly House. The students assembled at Medical College compound. The police used tear gas to make students and public stampede. Then a clash with the police started. At one stage the police shot fires. Jabbar, Rafiq, Barkat, Salam and others were martyred and many others were wounded. Since then we observe 'Ekushey February" as ShaheedDibas in memory of the martyrs of the Language Movement.
4. Complete the table below with information from the above passage. 1×5=5
Mohammad Ali Jinnah
declaration of Urdu as the state language
the same declaration
21 Feb. 1952
5. True or false. If false write the correct answer: 1×5=5 (a) The rulers of West Pakistan exploited the then East Pakistan.
(b) East Bengal Language Committee was led by some students.
(c) Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin also proclaimed that Urdu should be the state language.
(d) Section 144 was enforced by the then governor Nurul Amin Government.
(e) Some students were shot to death while they were in a meeting.
Ans. to the question no: 4
(i) memorable day (ii) 21 and 24 March 1948 (iii) LiaquatAli Khan (iv) violation of section 144 (v) Shaheed Dibash
Ans. to the question no: 5
(b) False. C.A: East Bengal Language Committee was led by Maolana Akram Khan.
(c) True. (d) True.
(e) False. C.A: Some students were shoot to death while they were in a procession.